B.Sc. in Environmental Science

Rationale
Kenya is basically an agricultural country. In the absence of a strong industrial sector,agricultural production activities constitute the main support base of the country‘s increasing population. The population relies mainly on agricultural output, and water resource that comes from 20% of the country‘s high rainfall zone. The remaining 80% is arid and semi-arid land ASAL. of marginal agricultural productivity.

In spite  of the fragility of Kenya‘s marginal lands, they serve as important biodiversity reservoirs, wildlife habitats, anthropogenic sites and landscape of great attraction.
Currently there are calls to develop industries, and remove the country from over dependency on agriculture. As the country gears for industrialization by the year 2020 it is necessary to proceed with caution so that the benefits of industrial development do not become a curse to the nation.The need to foster food production from the country‘s arable lands and the inevitability of the use of agricultural inputs, such as fertilizers, pesticides and other agrochemicals is posing new problems to the environment.

If these problems are not given due attention, they are bound to adversely affect the  quality of the environment and lower the people‘s standards of living. An increasing population, growing industrial sector and agricultural production are major threats to the environment. These require sound management. For many centuries, man has continued to draw all his support resources from the environment. By-products of resources use are dumped in the environment. Present knowledge reveals that there are safe levels of carrying capacities, which must not be exceeded. Rapid human population growth places enormous demands on land resources, energy, shelter and living space. Outdoor recreation lacks the right environment partly because of polluted waters, degraded wildlife habitats, sea and lakeshores and deforested watersheds among others.


Above all, the laws and policies which are related to protection and utilization of resources are currently inadequate and the existing ones are not fully enforced for sustainability of environmental resources. There is need for trained environmental custodians at all  levels. In order to provide safety valves to our production, manage the
ecological systems that are highly susceptible to stress and monitor environmental quality, there is need to train environmentalists who are able to provide advisory services on the overall use, conservation and enhancement of environmental quality.

Programme Objectives
The B Sc. Environmental Science. Progrrame is designed to provide a broad-based education for undergraduate students who wish to study environmental issues related to resource use, protection and enhancement of environmental quality. Upon completion of the course, the graduates will be qualified to:

(i)  Provide advisory capacity services on matters of environmental law and policy;

ii)  Carry out environmental impact assessment;

iii)  Participate and provide leadership in the formulation of appropriate early warning systems of environmental change;

iv)  Analyse and explain the interactive relationships between man and the physical,biological and social environments and relate the emanating issues to the enhancement of environmental quality;

v)  Pursue graduate studies in environmental science and;

vi)  Carry out teaching and provide environmental extension services.

The B Sc. Environmental Science. graduates can be employed in various sectors across the country. They will fit in the civil service as environmental protection officers, and as environmental science  teachers for both primary and secondary school levels. They will also work as researchers in various institutions, for environmental NGOs, as extension officers. They may also be privately engaged in environmental related entrepreneurships, such as consultant in environmental impact assessment. Other graduates will find it rewarding to pursue further studies in environmental science and join universities as lecturers.


Admission Requirements
Candidates must in addition satisfy the minimum requirements  for the university offer at least grade B-  in Biology or Biological Sciences, B-  in Geography, B-  in Chemistry or B in Physical Sciences, and C+ in Mathematics at K.C.S.E. or equivalent examination.

An added advantage will be given to candidates who have passed with at least grade C in Agriculture or Economics at K.C.S.E. or equivalent examination.
Admission may be granted to outstanding Diplomats in Range Management, Animal Husbandry and Animal Health, Forestry, Wildlife, Environmental Science from institutions such as Kenya Polytechnic, Kenya Science Teachers College etc. candidates with other related fields from recognized institutions, and who have passed with distinction or credit or other equivalent may also be admitted.

Course structure and Duration
This is a multidisciplinary programme, which will take four academic years to complete.Each year will consist of two semesters. Each semester will have three components;lectures and practicals where applicable., revision and examination weeks. The duration of semesters will be as per Egerton University Statutes.Students will be required to take all courses prescribed, unless exempted through credit transfers.The total credit factors to be covered, including field attachment is 160.The course codes used are: ENSC, followed by 3 digits. Digit 1 indicates the year the course is offered. Digit 2 and 3 indicate the serialization of the course.


Examination regulations
All examinations for the Bc in Environmental Science shall be conducted in accordance
with examination regulations as stipulated in Egerton University Statute XXVIII.

Grading
The grading of examination for B Sc. in Environmental Science shall be in accordance
with Egerton University Statute XXVIII.


Graduation Requirements
To graduate with a B Sc. in Environmental Sciencea student shall be required to take and
pass all required courses within the stipulated time.

Degree Classification
The classification for B Sc. in Environmental Science shall be in accordance with Egerton
University Statute XXVIII for undergraduate students